What is Acne?

acneThe medical term of acne is Acne Vulgaris, and this is a type of condition present in the skin involving sebaceous or oil glands. During puberty, hormones stimulate the production of oil glands, which increase chances of getting acne. Although this condition is not infectious or dangerous, there are scars left after the healing process. Having plenty of pimples can also make one feel less confident and embarrassed because of the poor quality and texture of the skin.

Why It Occurs?

Generally, acne is due to the production and secretion of too much oil from the sebaceous glands, which are situated at the bottom part of hair follicles. Dead skin cells are carried to the skin’s surface through follicles. Once these follicles are blocked, pimples occur, and oil accumulates further under your skin.

how acne forms

There are several reasons why acne occurs. For instance, it is due to an increase in the level of androgen or hormones in the body. There are also other cases that a person may be more prone to acne because of genetic reasons. Various conditions also lead to increased chances of getting pimples such as pregnancy, greasy hair, humid climates, stress, menstruation and using oil-based makeup.

Although the age range of individuals who may get pimples tend to vary between 11 years old to adults past their 30s, teens or preteens are mostly subject to this skin condition. However, with the right techniques and treatment, pimples can be addressed effectively.

What You Should Know about Acne

There are several areas of the body where pimples may appear. However, the most common sites where pimples can be found include the face, chest and back. Some people may also suffer from pimples on their neck and shoulders, as well as the head. Once hair, sebum and dead skin cells form together, some kind of a plug is formed. Infection due to bacteria causes the plug to swell, and this leads to a pimple.

Various factors can contribute to acne. One aspect is the rise of androgen in the body, frequent during the adolescence stage of life.Oil glands become more active during adolescence or puberty, and these glands produce more oil. Too much oil break down your pores’ cellular walls, which inhibit bacteria growth.

Genetics and medications such as those containing lithium and androgen increase your chances of getting pimples. Even hormonal changes during menstruation and pregnancy trigger pimple growth, and others experience getting acne for the first time during these stages.

Based on a study by researchers in Brown University, about 17 million Americans suffer from pimples at any time in their lives. This condition may affect different races and ages, although the ones more prone to it are people between 11 and 30 years of age. Young adults, pregnant and menstruating women are at risk of pimples because of fluctuations in hormones, which is one of the contributors of pimples. However, teenage and adult men are highly susceptible to getting pimples since they have a large percentage of testosterone in their bodies. This hormone worsens acne and make it longer for it to heal.

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